Thailand Average Salaries & Expenditures

 
Contents
Average Employment Income   Average Salary per Job   Average Salary per Sector   Total Personal Average Income   Consumption Expenditure
Workforce Composition   Exchange Rates   Cost of Living   References
 

Average Employment Income

:
annual, per worker, incl. dependent & self employment
   Disposable (1)  Gross (2)   
2001
4,058
46,218
 
4,509
51,354
 
constant 2005 US$ at PPP
current bahts
(1)    Based on gross employment average income and non-consumption expenditure per worker.
(2)    Based on salary & business average income per capita and proportion of workforce to total population.
Source: Thailand Household Economic Survey [37]; persons per household: 3.6 (2001).
 
 

Average Salary in Thailand - Job and Sector Comparison.

Job  Net Monthly Income  constant 2005 US$ (1) Notes                                                                               Gross Monthly Average Income (2) Compulsory Deductions (3) Weekly Hours (4)
 
Airline Pilot average salary PPP $ 3,335 $ 1,064 Men employees, 2005. 48,036 bahts 11% 39.0
General Physician average salary PPP $ 2,936 $ 937 Men employees, 2005. Women make 25,130 bahts per month. 41,358 bahts 9% 52.0
Engineer average salary PPP $ 2,369 $ 756 Chemical engineer. Men employees, 2005. Women make 30,000 bahts per month. 32,655 bahts 7% 48.0
Dentist average salary PPP $ 2,273 $ 725 Men employees, 2005. Women make 35,300 bahts per month. 31,325 bahts 7% 42.0
Accountant average salary PPP $ 1,948 $ 621 Men employees, 2005. Women make 21,113 bahts per month. 26,562 bahts 6% 44.0
Flight Attendant average salary PPP $ 1,702 $ 543 Men employees, 2005. 23,202 bahts 6% 52.0
Professor average salary PPP $ 1,545 $ 493 Men employees, 2005. Women make 19,662 bahts per month. 21,067 bahts 6% 38.0
Teacher average salary PPP $ 1,216 $ 388 Men employees, 2005. Women make 17,123 bahts per month. 16,580 bahts 6% 38.0
Computer Programmer average salary PPP $ 1,198 $ 382 Insurance industry. Men employees, 2005. Women make 16,547 bahts per month. 16,336 bahts 6% 50.0
Professional Nurse average salary PPP $ 1,122 $ 358 Men employees, 2005. Women make 16,892 bahts per month. 15,295 bahts 6% 51.0
Office Clerk average salary PPP $ 1,095 $ 349 Men employees, 2005. Women make 12,183 bahts per month. 14,928 bahts 6% 46.0
Auxiliary Nurse average salary PPP $ 935 $ 298 Men employees, 2005. Women make 12,285 bahts per month. 12,751 bahts 6% 41.0
Postman average salary PPP $ 675 $ 215 Men employees, 2005. Women make 9,608 bahts per month. 9,206 bahts 6% 44.0
Hotel Receptionist average salary PPP $ 611 $ 195 Men employees, 2005. Women make 8,157 bahts per month. 8,334 bahts 6% 50.0
Bus Driver average salary PPP $ 561 $ 179 Men employees, 2005. Women make 6,799 bahts per month. 7,654 bahts 6% 53.0
Car Mechanic average salary PPP $ 479 $ 153 Men employees, 2005. Women make 3,748 bahts per month. 6,530 bahts 6% 49.0
Salesperson average salary PPP $ 449 $ 143 Men employees, 2005. Women make 5,692 bahts per month. 6,118 bahts 6% 51.0
Furniture Finisher average salary PPP $ 408 $ 130 Men employees, 2005. Women make 4,253 bahts per month. 5,559 bahts 6% 50.0
Physiotherapist average salary PPP $ 386 $ 123 Men employees, 2005. Women make 4,817 bahts per month. 5,257 bahts 6% 48.0
Chambermaid average salary PPP $ 376 $ 120 Men employees, 2005. Women make 4,634 bahts per month. 5,130 bahts 6% 49.0
Carpenter average salary PPP $ 342 $ 109 Men employees, 2005. Women make 5,457 bahts per month. 4,663 bahts 6% 47.0
Garment Cutter average salary PPP $ 330 $ 105 Men employees, 2005. Women make 6,035 bahts per month. 4,498 bahts 6% 53.0
Baker average salary PPP $ 322 $ 103 Men employees, 2005. Women make 3,419 bahts per month. 4,390 bahts 6% 53.0
Miner average salary PPP $ 306 $ 98 Men employees, 2005. Women make 3,945 bahts per month. 4,172 bahts 6% 54.0
Wood Grinder average salary PPP $ 295 $ 94 Men employees, 2005. Women make 3,900 bahts per month. 4,028 bahts 6% 49.0
Sector              
Financial average income PPP $ 1,377 $ 439 Employees, 2005. 18,780 bahts 6% 49.5
Gas-Electricity-Water average income PPP $ 907 $ 289 Employees, 2005. 12,366 bahts 6% 45.5
Real Estate average income PPP $ 734 $ 234 Employees, 2005. 10,010 bahts 6% 52.2
Transport-Communication average income PPP $ 722 $ 230 Employees, 2005. 9,844 bahts 6% 49.1
Education average income PPP $ 722 $ 230 Employees, 2005. 9,840 bahts 6% 39.3
Mining-Quarrying average income PPP $ 582 $ 186 Employees, 2005. 7,936 bahts 6% 50.4
All Sectors average income PPP $ 470 $ 140 Employees, 2003. 5,840 bahts 6% 48.9
Manufacturing average income PPP $ 470 $ 150 Employees, 2005. 6,407 bahts 6% 50.5
Hotels-Restaurants average income PPP $ 403 $ 128 Employees, 2005. 5,490 bahts 6% 51.9
Construction average income PPP $ 357 $ 114 Employees, 2005. 4,863 bahts 6% 49.7
 
  (1) The net average income in "constant 2005 US$" is computed using the Interbank nominal exchange rate [a] and the U.S. inflation rate [d]. The net average income in "constant 2005 US$" at PPP is computed using the IMF PPP exchange rate [d] and the U.S. inflation rate [d]. The latter reflects the purchasing power in the United States in 2005.
  (2) The gross monthly average income is based on data supplied by the Thailand National Statistical Office [37] to the International Labour Organization [9]. The average income includes the salaries and wages of paid employees. Employees include both men and women unless otherwise noted.
  (3) The compulsory deductions reflect the income tax rates in Thailand [t] and the social security rates in Thailand [s]. The deductions are representative of single-earner-married-without-child status, and take into account family benefits in terms of cash transfers.
  (4) The weekly hours are based on data supplied by Thailand National Statistical Office to the International Labour Organization [9]. The hours by job and by sector correspond to the hours actually worked.
 
 
 
 

Personal Average Income

:
annual, per capita, incl. non-monetary income
   Disposable (1)  Gross   Salary   Business   Property   Transfer (2)    
2001
3,197
36,407
 
3,566
40,617
 
1,569
17,871
 
945
10,764
 
64
731
 
945
10,764
 
constant 2005 US$ at PPP
current bahts
1996
3,212
31,323
 
3,585
34,959
 
1,430
13,949
 
1,104
10,767
 
57
559
 
903
8,810
 
1990
2,120
15,015
 
2,324
16,463
 
844
5,976
 
767
5,433
 
26
181
 
623
4,412
 
1981
1,766
8,414
 
1,890
9,008
 
505
2,405
 
716
3,414
 
17
81
 
624
2,973
 
(1)    Determined from difference between gross income and non-consumption expenditure. Non-consumption expenditure incl. taxes, gifts and contributions, insurance premiums, lottery tickets and other gamblings, interest, etc.
(2)    Incl. current transfers and income in kind.
Source: Thailand Household Economic Survey [37]; persons per household: 4.5 (1981), 4.1 (1990), 3.7 (1996), 3.6 (2001).
 

Consumption Expenditure

:
annual, per capita, incl. non-monetary expenditure
   Total   Health   Housing   Food (1)  Apparel   Education   Transport (2)    
2001
2,565
29,206
 
76
869
 
657
7,485
 
954
10,860
 
94
1,069
 
73
835
 
461
5,246
 
constant 2005 US$ at PPP
current bahts
1996
2,684
26,169
 
113
1,103
 
620
6,050
 
984
9,597
 
147
1,431
 
55
536
 
471
4,590
 
1990
2,042
14,465
 
76
541
 
503
3,565
 
813
5,761
 
130
923
 
31
223
 
288
2,037
 
1981
1,763
8,404
 
62
297
 
389
1,853
 
833
3,968
 
138
657
 
25
117
 
138
657
 
(1)    Excl. alcoholic beverages.
(2)    Incl. communication.
Source: Thailand Household Economic Survey [37]; persons per household: 4.5 (1981), 4.1 (1990), 3.7 (1996), 3.6 (2001).
 

Workforce Composition

:
percentage of total workforce
   Primary (1)  Manufacturing   Education   Financial   Paid Employees   Unemployed  
2005 42.7   14.7   3.1   0.9      
%
(1)    Agriculture, hunting, forestry, fishing, mining, and quarrying.
Source: International Labour Organization [9].
 

Workforce Size

 :  
36.3 million (2005).
Source:   International Labour Organization [9].
 

Population

 :  
65.1 million (2007).
Source:   CIA World Factbook [b].
 

Inflation

 :  
101.7 (2001), 102.3 (2002), 104.2 (2003), 107.0 (2004), 111.9 (2005);
Source:   IMF inflation rates [d], Index: 2000=100.
 

PPP Exchange Rate

 :  
10.223 (1981), 10.574 (1990), 12.130 (1996), 12.586 (2000), 12.545 (2001), 12.429 (2002), 12.398 (2003), 12.487 (2004), 12.818 (2005);
Source:   IMF PPP exchange rates [d], bahts per U.S. dollar.
 

Nominal Exchange Rate

 :  
44.44 (2001), 42.94 (2002), 41.44 (2003), 40.18 (2004), 40.18 (2005);
Source:   Interbank nominal exchange rates [a], bahts per U.S. dollar.
 

Cost of Living

 :  
0.282 (2001), 0.289 (2002), 0.299 (2003), 0.311 (2004), 0.319 (2005);
Source:   Interbank nominal exchange rates [a] and IMF PPP exchange rates [d], US=1.000.
 

 

References

 
[9]   International Labour Organization. Compilation of average salary income worldwide. Classified by country, by employment category, and by gender.
[37]   Thailand National Statistical Office.
[a]   Interbank nominal exchange rate, Oanda.com; historical currency converter for over 164 currencies and 3 metals.
[b]   CIA World Factbook.
[d]   World Economic Outlook Database, September 2006, International Monetary Fund.
[t]   Thailand Personal Income Tax Calculator, Trade Partners Limited, Bangkok.
[s]   Social Security in Thailand, Social Security Programs Throughout the World, 2004-2005, compiled by the U.S. Social Security Administration.
 
Other links:
Thailand Economy Overview, CIA World Factbook.
Thailand: Selected Internet Resources, U.S. Library of Congress.
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