Romania Average Salaries & Expenditures

 
Contents
Average Employment Income   Average Salary per Job   Average Salary per Sector   Total Personal Average Income   Consumption Expenditure
Workforce Composition   Vacation Time   Exchange Rates   Cost of Living   References
 

Average Employment Income

:
annual, per worker, incl. dependent & self employment
   Disposable (1)  Gross (2),(3)   
2004
3,756
5,001
 
4,495
5,984
 
constant 2005 US$ at PPP
current new lei
(1)    Based on gross employment average income and non-consumption expenditure per worker.
(2)    Based on salary & business average income per capita and proportion of workforce to total population.
(3)    Incl. the equivalent value of consumption of agricultural products from own resources.
Source: Romanian Statistical Yearbook - Population Income, Expenditure, and Consumption [38]. Persons per household: 2.95 (2004).
 

Average Salary in Romania - Job and Sector Comparison.

Job  Net Monthly Income  constant 2005 US$ (1) Notes                                                                               Gross Monthly Average Income (2) Compulsory Deductions (3) Weekly Hours (4)
 
Airline Pilot average salary PPP $ 2,228 $ 1,144 Men employees, 2005. 5,784 new lei 43% 38.8
Computer Programmer average salary PPP $ 1,258 $ 646 Insurance industry. Men employees, 2005. Women make 2,438 new lei per month. 2,820 new lei 34% 38.8
Accountant average salary PPP $ 1,163 $ 597 Men employees, 2005. Women make 2,516 new lei per month. 2,570 new lei 33% 38.8
Professor average salary PPP $ 996 $ 511 Men employees, 2005. Women make 1,697 new lei per month. 2,168 new lei 32% 38.8
Flight Attendant average salary PPP $ 889 $ 456 Women employees, 2005. Men make 2,077 new lei per month. 1,906 new lei 31% 38.8
Miner average salary PPP $ 882 $ 453 Men employees, 2005. 1,891 new lei 31% 32.1
General Physician average salary PPP $ 838 $ 430 Men employees, 2005. Women make 1,284 new lei per month. 1,771 new lei 30% 38.8
Engineer average salary PPP $ 712 $ 365 Chemical engineer. Men employees, 2005. Women make 1,384 new lei per month. 1,505 new lei 30% 38.8
Teacher average salary PPP $ 588 $ 302 Men employees, 2005. Women make 1,143 new lei per month. 1,244 new lei 30% 38.8
Professional Nurse average salary PPP $ 523 $ 268 Women employees, 2005. Men make 1,191 new lei per month. 1,105 new lei 30% 38.8
Dentist average salary PPP $ 488 $ 251 Men employees, 2005. Women make 932 new lei per month. 1,032 new lei 30% 38.8
Physiotherapist average salary PPP $ 433 $ 222 Women employees, 2005. Men make 955 new lei per month. 915 new lei 30% 38.8
Office Clerk average salary PPP $ 424 $ 218 Men employees, 2005. Women make 851 new lei per month. 896 new lei 30% 38.8
Bus Driver average salary PPP $ 424 $ 217 Men employees, 2005. 883 new lei 29% 38.8
Garment Cutter average salary PPP $ 421 $ 216 Men employees, 2005. Women make 879 new lei per month. 878 new lei 29% 38.8
Wood Grinder average salary PPP $ 350 $ 180 Men employees, 2005. Women make 683 new lei per month. 720 new lei 28% 38.8
Car Mechanic average salary PPP $ 352 $ 181 Men employees, 2005. 714 new lei 27% 38.8
Carpenter average salary PPP $ 314 $ 161 Men employees, 2005. Women make 606 new lei per month. 629 new lei 26% 38.8
Auxiliary Nurse average salary PPP $ 314 $ 161 Women employees, 2005. Men make 646 new lei per month. 627 new lei 26% 38.8
Furniture Finisher average salary PPP $ 296 $ 152 Men employees, 2005. Women make 497 new lei per month. 584 new lei 25% 38.8
Postman average salary PPP $ 283 $ 145 Men employees, 2005. Women make 574 new lei per month. 559 new lei 25% 38.8
Hotel Receptionist average salary PPP $ 279 $ 143 Women employees, 2005. Men make 898 new lei per month. 551 new lei 25% 38.8
Baker average salary PPP $ 276 $ 142 Men employees, 2005. Women make 480 new lei per month. 545 new lei 25% 38.8
Firefighter average salary PPP $ 266 $ 137 Men employees, 2005. 525 new lei 25% 38.8
Salesperson average salary PPP $ 263 $ 135 Women employees, 2005. Men make 828 new lei per month. 519 new lei 25% 38.8
Chambermaid average salary PPP $ 259 $ 133 Women employees, 2005. Men make 514 new lei per month. 511 new lei 25% 38.8
Sector              
Financial average income PPP $ 1,263 $ 545 Employees, 2004. 2,510 new lei 33% 41.0
Mining-Quarrying average income PPP $ 717 $ 310 Employees, 2004. 1,364 new lei 30% 39.7
Gas-Electricity-Water average income PPP $ 656 $ 283 Employees, 2004. 1,248 new lei 30% 40.7
Transport-Communication average income PPP $ 590 $ 255 Employees, 2004. 1,122 new lei 30% 42.8
Education average income PPP $ 470 $ 203 Employees, 2004. 894 new lei 30% 36.2
All Sectors average income PPP $ 436 $ 188 Employees, 2004. 818 new lei 29% 39.4
Real Estate average income PPP $ 434 $ 187 Employees, 2004. 814 new lei 29% 41.5
Manufacturing average income PPP $ 389 $ 168 Employees, 2004. 720 new lei 28% 40.8
Construction average income PPP $ 379 $ 164 Employees, 2004. 701 new lei 28% 43.0
Hotels-Restaurants average income PPP $ 303 $ 131 Employees, 2004. 538 new lei 25% 43.8
 
  (1) The net average income in "constant 2005 US$" is computed using the Interbank nominal exchange rate [a] and the U.S. inflation rate [d]. The net average income in "constant 2005 US$" at PPP is computed using the IMF PPP exchange rate [d] and the U.S. inflation rate [d]. The latter reflects the purchasing power in the United States in 2005.
  (2) The gross monthly average income is based on data supplied by the Romania National Institute of Statistics [38] to the International Labour Organization [9]. The average income includes the salaries and wages of paid employees. Employees include both men and women unless otherwise noted.
  (3) The compulsory deductions reflect the 2004-2005 income tax rates in Romania and the 2005 social security rates in Romania. The deductions are representative of single-earner-married-without-child status, and take into account family benefits in terms of cash transfers.
  (4) The weekly hours are based on data supplied by the Romania National Institute of Statistics [38] to the International Labour Organization [9]. The hours by job and by sector correspond to the hours actually worked.
 
 

Personal Average Income

:
annual, per capita, incl. non-monetary income
   Disposable   Gross   Salary   Business (2)  Property   Transfer (1)    
2004
2,916
3,882
 
3,317
4,416
 
1,480
1,970
 
962
1,281
 
20
27
 
720
958
 
constant 2005 US$ at PPP
current new lei
(1)    Incl. income from social provisions, and equivalent value of income in kind obtained by employees and receivers of social provisions.
(2)    The equivalent value of consumption of agricultural products from own resources corresponds to 21.8% of the total gross income (2004).
Source: Romanian Statistical Yearbook - Population Income, Expenditure, and Consumption [38]. Persons per household: 2.95 (2004).
 

Consumption Expenditure

:
annual, per capita, incl. non-monetary expenditure
   Total   Health   Housing   Food   Apparel   Education   Transport     
2004
2,807
3,737
 
 
 
1,447
1,926
 
 
 
 
constant 2005 US$ at PPP
current new lei
Source: Romanian Statistical Yearbook - Population Income, Expenditure, and Consumption [38]. Persons per household: 2.95 (2004).
 

Workforce Composition

:
percentage of total workforce
   Primary (1)  Manufacturing   Education   Financial   Paid Employees   Unemployed  
2005 33.4   21.4   4.5   0.9   64.7   7.7  
%
(1)    Agriculture, hunting, forestry, fishing, mining, and quarrying.
Source: International Labour Organization [9].
 

Workforce Size

 :  
9.1 million (2005).
Source:   International Labour Organization [9].
 

Population

 :  
22.3 million (2006).
Source:   CIA World Factbook [b].
 

Vacation Time

 :  
20 working days per year (legally required minimum vacation time) [e].
 

Inflation

 :  
1606.8 (2001), 1968.9 (2002), 2269.7 (2003), 2530.4 (2004), 2711.4 (2005);
Source:   IMF inflation rates [d], Index: 1995=100.
 

PPP Exchange Rate

 :  
0.829 (2001), 1.006 (2002), 1.222 (2003), 1.371 (2004), 1.480 (2005);
Source:   IMF PPP exchange rates [d], new lei per U.S. dollar.
 

Nominal Exchange Rate

 :  
2.870 (2001), 3.197 (2002), 3.231 (2003), 3.176 (2004), 2.883 (2005);
Source:   Interbank nominal exchange rates [a], new lei per U.S. dollar.
 

Cost of Living

 :  
0.289 (2001), 0.315 (2002), 0.378 (2003), 0.432 (2004), 0.513 (2005);
Source:   Interbank nominal exchange rates [a] and IMF PPP exchange rates [d], US=1.000.
 

 

References

 
[9]   International Labour Organization. Compilation of average salary income worldwide. Classified by country, by employment category, and by gender.
[38]   Romania National Institute of Statistics.
[a]   Interbank nominal exchange rate, Oanda.com; historical currency converter for over 164 currencies and 3 metals.
[b]   CIA World Factbook.
[d]   World Economic Outlook Database, September 2006, International Monetary Fund.
[e]   Vacation - Wikipedia, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
[k]   OECD Tax Database. Annual database providing comparative information on personal and corporate income tax and consumption tax systems and rates in OECD countries since 2000. Information on social security contributions levied on employees and their employers is also reported.
 
Other links:
Social Security in Romania, Social Security Programs Throughout the World, 2004-2005, compiled by the U.S. Social Security Administration.
Romania Economy Overview, CIA World Factbook.
Romania: Selected Internet Resources, U.S. Library of Congress.