Programmer Salaries - International Comparison

 
Job Description:   The computer programmer job includes the following responsibilities: (i) studies programme intent, input data, and output requirements; (ii) breaks down problems into their simplest elements; (iii) prepares logical flow charts and diagrams; (iv) converts flow charts and diagrams into computer programme using programme language; (iv) conducts trial run with sample data to validate programme; (v) rewrites programmes to increase efficiency or to perform new tasks [9].
 
Methodology:   Unless otherwise indicated, the gross income is obtained from data provided to the International Labour Organization [9] by government agencies (Statistics Canada, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Statistics Finland, etc). The compulsory deductions include income tax, municipal tax, provincial/state income tax, social security (pension plan, medicare), compulsory additional insurance, etc. The deductions are representative of single-earner-married-without-child status, and are obtained from income tax calculators [t], social security withholdings, the OECD Tax Database [k], or other sources. Employees include both men and women unless otherwise noted.
 
    
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Computer Programmer Job Average Salary

Country  Net Monthly Income  constant 2005 US$ [a] [d] Notes, Source                                                                               Gross Monthly Job Income Compulsory Deductions Weekly Hours
 
U.S. average salary PPP $ 4,141 $ 4,141 Full-time and part-time employees, 2005. U.S. Department of Labor, [t]. 5,378 dollars 23% 39.4
Australia average income PPP $ 3,271 $ 3,211 May 2004. Normal hours from collective agreements. All programmers, all industries. Australian Bureau of Statistics, [9], [t]. 5,642 dollars 25% 38.2
Brazil average income PPP $ 3,088 $ 1,240 Employees, insurance industry, Dec 2004. Ministerio do Trabalho e da Previdência Social, [9]. 4,339 reals 19% 41.0
UK median salary PPP $ 2,996 $ 3,476 Employees, programmers in all industries, 2005. UK Employment Department, [9], [t]. 2,688 pounds 29% 37.0
Korea average salary PPP $ 2,832 $ 2,245 Excl. overtime and bonus, June 2005. Korea Ministry of Labour, [9]. 2,573,315 wons 11% 40.0
Finland average salary PPP $ 2,470 $ 2,949 Insurance industry, normal hours of work, 2004. Men only. Women make 3,029 euros per month. Statistics Finland, [9], [k], [t]. 3,598 euros 36% 36.6
Germany average salary PPP $ 2,320 $ 2,505 Insurance industry, Minimum per month, 2005, normal hours of work. Federal Statistical Office of Germany, [9], [t]. 2,915 euros 31% 39.0
Hungary average salary PPP $ 2,312 $ 1,468 Employees, insurance industry, May 2005. Hungarian Central Statistical Office, [9], [k]. 540,268 forints 46%
Taiwan average income PPP $ 2,270 $ 1,215 Full-time and part-time employees, 2004. Insurance industry. National Statistics Republic of China, [9]. 43,775 dollars 10% 38.3
Canada average income PPP $ 1,836 $ 1,834 Public administration, employees, 2005. Statistics Canada, [9], [t]. 3,043 dollars 27% 26.3
Austria average salary PPP $ 1,792 $ 1,427 Insurance industry, 2001. Austrian Central Statistical Office (ÖSTAT), [9], [t]. 2,094 euros 31% 38.5
Latvia average income PPP $ 1,778 $ 790 Insurance industry, adult full-time and part-time employees, 2005. Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia, [9], [t]. 630 lats 30% 39.5
Japan average salary PPP $ 1,697 $ 1,995 Excl. overtime and bonus, June 2005. Men only; women: 245,000 yens/month. Private establishments with 10 or more regular employees. Japan Statistical Yearbook [17], [k]. 261,000 yens 16%
Poland average income PPP $ 1,665 $ 892 Employees, insurance industry, 2004. Poland Central Statistical Office, [9], [k]. 5,067 zlotys 38% 41.0
Czech Republic average income PPP $ 1,621 $ 1,059 Insurance industry, Excl. bonuses, 2005. Czech Statistical Office, [9]. 36,682 korunas 31% 39.1
Singapore average salary PPP $ 1,516 $ 1,389 Insurance industry, employees, private sector, 2004. Ministry of Manpower, [9], [t]. 2,886 dollars 21%
Italy average salary PPP $ 1,442 $ 1,557 Insurance industry, normal hours of work, 2005. Istituto Nazionale di Statistica, [9]. 1,713 euros 27% 37.0
Portugal average salary PPP $ 1,429 $ 925 Employees, insurance industry, 2000. Instituto Nacional de Estatística, [9]. 1,064 euros 17% 34.4
Mexico average income PPP $ 1,404 $ 886 Employees, 2003, insurance industry. Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informatica (INEGI), [9], [k]. 10,582 pesos 15% 49.0
Slovakia average income PPP $ 1,346 $ 692 Employees, all industries, 2004. Štatistický úrad Slovenskej republiky, [9], [k]. 27,703 korunas 22% 33.6
Romania average salary PPP $ 1,258 $ 646 Insurance industry. Men employees, 2005. Women make 2,438 new lei per month. Romania National Institute of Statistics, [9]. 2,820 new lei 34% 38.8
Peru average salary PPP $ 1,204 $ 520 Employees, insurance industry, June 2002. Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informatica, [9]. 1,922 sols 16%
Thailand average salary PPP $ 1,198 $ 382 Insurance industry. Men employees, 2005. Women make 16,547 bahts per month. Thailand National Statistical Office, [9], [t], [s]. 16,336 bahts 6% 50.0
Kuwait average income PPP $ 1,164 $ 1,454 Insurance industry. Men employees, 2004. Kuwait Ministry of Planning, [9]. 415 dinars 0% 48.0
China average salary PPP $ 1,075 $ 252 Employees, public administration, 2005. National Bureau of Statistics of China, [9]. 2,239 yuans 8%
Lithuania average salary PPP $ 1,071 $ 386 Employees, insurance industry, 2000. Statistics Lithuania, [9]. 1,949 litas 30% 39.9
 

References

 
[a]   Interbank nominal exchange rate, Oanda.com; historical currency converter for over 164 currencies and 3 metals.
[d]   World Economic Outlook Database, September 2006, International Monetary Fund.
[k]   OECD Tax Database. Annual database providing comparative information on personal and corporate income tax and consumption tax systems and rates in OECD countries since 2000. Information on social security contributions levied on employees and their employers is also reported.
[t]   Net income from gross income (calculators, tables): Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany, Ireland, Israel, New Zealand, UK, U.S., Singapore.
[9]   International Labour Organization. Compilation of average salary income worldwide. Classified by country, by employment category, and by gender.
[17]   Japan Statistical Yearbook, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, 2006.
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